The CEFR provides a common basis for language education in the key areas of curriculum development, the design of teaching and learning materials, and the assessment of foreign language proficiency. One of its main achievements has been to develop a comprehensive set of scaled descriptions of the components of language proficiency at all levels across a range of skills. For example, a learner of English at B2 level can perform a number of relatively complex tasks, including asking questions for clarification when following a presentation, understanding the general meaning of both routine and non-routine correspondence, and writing reports and correspondence.
The relevancy of the results shown after a search is one of the cornerstones of a successful search database. TransLegal ensures that the results returned upon a search of a legal term are accurate and relevant by manually linking exercises, videos, dictionary entries, posts and other Legal English materials to the relevant terms. This means that TransLegal does not use algorithms or other automated systems to predict relevancy. Instead, the lawyer-linguists at TransLegal have manually matched each database entry to the legal terms relevant to it in order to ensure that the results are highly relevant.
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In addition, we constantly monitor searches made by the users in the database to identify any sought-after terms not already included in our database and we update our materials accordingly. Using leading local language law dictionaries and other resources, the partner university will identify local language legal terms that are essential to include in the search function.
English translations or near equivalents should already be in the TransLegal dictionary for most of these terms. However, this work is essential in order to identify any missing terms stage 4. After receiving the list of essential local law terms that have been identified by the partner university, TransLegal will compare the essential local language legal terms with the translated terms the partner university has produced in stage 2 and determine which terms are not covered.
The partner university will suggest English translations for any missing terms identified in stage 4 so that TransLegal can create English dictionary entries for these. TransLegal will then create entries for the missing local law terms identified by the partner university and for which the partner university has provided a suggested translation.
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Drafting of special entries for terms with insufficient equivalence. The partner university will also provide suggestions for links to English words in the TransLegal dictionary that might be helpful for the user.
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Due to the limitations of out-of-the-box eLearning and dictionary systems, we have over the last few years been developing our own solutions in-house, based on WordPress. More recently we have been migrating our services to the new systems and gradually opened these up to the public. Through links to relevant legal terms, language exercises, and videos, the online dictionary provides users with rapid access to highly relevant resources and materials.
Videos and sound recordings also provide the user with valuable tools for pronunciation help. One of the greatest advantages of the dictionary is the fact that all of the languages are aimed at the same English language content meaning that any future improvements to the functionality of the English content and the amount of English content benefit all of the other languages. TransLegal will continue to expand the English dictionary with new terms and more in depth content.
For example, beginning in , TransLegal will be adding sample documents to illustrate the usage of legal terms. The database can be easily accessed from any computer connected to the Internet and no special software is needed. The students and faculty staff participating in the project will also be assigned a contact person at TransLegal US or UK lawyer who will be responsible for answering any questions about specific legal terminology or the administration of the project generally. Buy the Legal English Dictionary. Our university partners on the World Law Dictionary Project.
You don't need a law dictionary for American or British lawyers U. Need for the dictionary Academics in the field of law and linguistics have complained for decades about the shortage of good bilingual legal dictionaries 1 pointing out that legal publishers are reluctant to spend the time or money required to produce a good legal dictionary 2.
A multilingual dictionary of law should serve as a linguistic bridge that ensures accurate communication between speakers of different languages. The dictionary should not only provide translations of foreign legal language terms into English and vice versa communicative purpose , but also include a comparative law analysis that reveals the degree of functional equivalence between the foreign legal concept and the Anglo-American legal concept cognitive purpose.
The dictionary should provide references to relevant sources of law and linguistic context, which clearly identifies the legal systems of the source and target languages e. Where the foreign legal term or concept has no functional counterpart in English, then this fact should be clearly stated and a new term should be created in English neologism based on a uniform descriptive system.
Such neologisms should be identified as such to avoid confusion. A multilingual dictionary of law should use a single, baseline language to explain, and a single analytical method to compare, critical legal terms and concepts of different countries.
The quality of the English entries should be vetted and guaranteed by a team of experienced lawyer-linguists, who have practiced law in various Anglo-American jurisdictions, developed legal English courses with prestigious academic institutions and have worked extensively in the legal translation industry and by legal practitioners and academics in those foreign language jurisdictions who confront those Anglo-American legal terms and concepts in their everyday work. The source of the entries should also rely on the state-of-the-art software that ranks and quantifies word searches.
The quality of the foreign language entries, the translations and the comparative law notes on functional equivalency should be guaranteed through the scholarship of leading foreign law faculties. The dictionary should be written specifically for its primary users: non-native speakers of English; e. The dictionary should be online and easily searchable using the latest technology. The dictionary of law should have sub-field classifications and filtering options. The dictionary of law should serve as a training platform to teach visitors to the site on how to use the English legal terms through online language exercises and learning materials.
The dictionary should continue to evolve over the years, and should be continuously updated and improved to track changes in the laws and legal systems. How the project works In a unique programme of partnerships with universities around the world, TransLegal is making its database of Legal English materials available free of charge on a permanent basis to the students and faculty of the partner universities.
Benefits to the university The benefits to the university are several.
Benefits to the student authors The students who participate in this project at each partner university will receive a valuable education in comparative legal terminology — essential skills in their future career in the law. Universities TransLegal enters into a cooperation agreement with the law faculty of one leading university for each language with the exception being cases where there are variations of a language e.
Austrian German or Quebec French in which case TransLegal enters into a cooperation agreement with a law faculty in this other country as well. Exercises Our exercises feature a range of task types designed to train the essential vocabulary of law. Videos Our video lessons cover a wide range of topics from specialist areas of law through to commonly confused terms.
Posts Our dictionary has been designed to give short, clear descriptions for lawyers with English as a second language who need to understand a term quickly. Relevancy The relevancy of the results shown after a search is one of the cornerstones of a successful search database.
Stages of work English language content 10, English dictionary entries have already been completed. Identification of essential local law terms Using leading local language law dictionaries and other resources, the partner university will identify local language legal terms that are essential to include in the search function. Identification of missing terms After receiving the list of essential local law terms that have been identified by the partner university, TransLegal will compare the essential local language legal terms with the translated terms the partner university has produced in stage 2 and determine which terms are not covered.
Translation of missing terms into English The partner university will suggest English translations for any missing terms identified in stage 4 so that TransLegal can create English dictionary entries for these. IT platform Description of the IT platform Due to the limitations of out-of-the-box eLearning and dictionary systems, we have over the last few years been developing our own solutions in-house, based on WordPress.
Current functionality Through links to relevant legal terms, language exercises, and videos, the online dictionary provides users with rapid access to highly relevant resources and materials.
Future functionality One of the greatest advantages of the dictionary is the fact that all of the languages are aimed at the same English language content meaning that any future improvements to the functionality of the English content and the amount of English content benefit all of the other languages. Previous slide Next slide. As you improve, the words that you learn will become more and more advanced.
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